Information on Pandemic, Influenza, Seasonal Flu, Avian Flu, and H1N1.
Seasonal Influenza is an infection of the lungs and airways caused by a virus. Various strains of influenza virus circulate throughout the world each year. In North America, influenza usually affects people between November and April.
The seasonal influenza virus often changes slightly. Most people who have had influenza will have some protection against the changed virus.
The influenza virus passes from person to person by droplets when an infected person coughs, sneezes or talks. Airborne droplets can enter the body through the eyes, nose or mouth. The virus, contained in droplets, can travel 1 to 2 metres in the air. It can live on hard surfaces for 1-2 days; on cloth, tissue and paper for 8-12 hours; and on hands for 5 minutes.
People develop symptoms of influenza from 1 to 3 days after becoming infected.
They are contagious from the day BEFORE they have the first symptoms until 5 days after the symptoms start.
You can help prevent influenza by frequently washing your hands, avoiding contact with others who have influenza, coughing and sneezing into your elbow/arm and getting an annual influenza vaccination.
Everyone should plan ahead in case they become ill with influenza. This is especially important if you live alone, are a single parent or a caregiver.
- Have enough fluids and other supplies, such as tissues, on hand to last 1 to 2 weeks
- Have medication for fever and a thermometer handy
- Know what options are available at work when you are ill, for example working from home
- Have a backup caregiver for loved ones
Frequent Hand Washing
Wash your hands BEFORE:
- handling or eating food or feeding others
- brushing or flossing teeth
- inserting or removing contact lenses
- and after treating wounds or cuts
Wash your hands AFTER:
- having any contact with a person who has influenza or their immediate environment
- going to the toilet or changing a diaper
- blowing your nose or wiping a child's nose
- coughing or sneezing
- handling garbage
- Children should wash their hands after playing with toys shared with other children.
How to wash hands:
- Use regular soap. Antibacterial soap is not necessary. Alcohol hand rubs are also effective
- Rub hands vigorously together for at least 15 seconds covering all surfaces
- Rinse under running water
- Dry with a clean or disposable towel
- If using a public restroom, use a disposable towel to turn off the faucet to avoid further contact with the tap.
Get Your Annual Influenza Vaccination
- Maximum protection occurs two weeks after immunization - lasts for six months
- Side effects do not occur in everyone but can include soreness, redness or swelling where the shot was given
- Influenza vaccine cannot cause influenza
- Vaccination has been shown to prevent illness in 70-90 per cent of healthy children and adults
- Immunization clinics are held each fall. Visit yukonimmunization.ca for specific clinic dates and locations.
Keep Common Surfaces Clean
clean common surfaces often, such as light switches, door knobs, and telephone headsets
do not share personal items or drinks
Yukon Communicable Disease Control
Sexually transmitted infections confidential testing
Monday to Friday
Appointments – 8:30am to noon
Drop-in – 12:30pm to 4:00pm
TB testing by appointment
Toll Free (Yukon, Nunavut and NWT); 1-800-661-0408 ext. 8323
Yukon Communicable Disease Control (4 HospRd)
Health & Social Services, Government of Yukon
Whitehorse, Yukon Y1A 2C6
Location: 4 Hospital Road | Whitehorse, YT [map]